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Roads transport

Unlike other modes of transport, roads address the demand for goods to cities as well as remote areas of the country. Since 1999-2000, road freight has increased from 467 billion tonne kilometres (BTKM) to 1,250 BTKM in 2011-12, at a CAGR of 8.6 per cent.

It is estimated to have grown to 1,315 BTKM for 2012- 13. According to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, road freight is expected to reach 1,835 BTKMs by 2016-17.Development of national highways: National highways account for more than 40 per cent of the total road traffic. In the 12th Five-Year Plan period, the Government of India has set a target to construct 36,632 km of national highways in the period 2012-17, i.e., 2.65 times the target set in the previous plan period. Launched in 1998, the National Highways Development Programme (NHDP) aims to develop 50,000 km of National Highways by 2015 in seven phases and with an investment of US$ 600 billion. Once completed, this is expected to further fuel the demand for road transport.